Criticism!!!


Courageous Rama!!!

 

Sri Krishna Deva Rayalu and his court Bhuvana Vijayam comprising Ashta Diggajas was taken as a model by many kings and kingdoms in and out of the Indian sub-continent.

Rayalu was known for his fondness towards literature and his patronage towards poets and composers.

The Ashta Diggajas in Bhuvana Vijayam are Allasani Peddana, Nandi Thimmana, Dhurjati, Madayya Gari Mallana, Pingali Surana, Tenali Rama Krishnudu, Ayyala Raju Rama Bhadrudu and Rama Raja Bhushanudu.

Rayalu was compared to one of the greatest ever kings of the country King Bhoja, for his inclination towards developing literature and composition.

Rayalu himself was a scholar in Sanskrit, Telugu (Andhra) and Kannada. Most famous among the Telugu compositions of Rayalu were Amuktha Malyada, and Vishnu Chitheeyamu. Both the compositions were based on God Vishnu’s devotees.

Life sketch of devotee Vishnu Chitha, Goda Devi’s devotion and God’s testing were the key elements. Goda Devi was a devotee of Lord Krishna right from her childhood.

She adored Him ad finally she marries Lord Krishna. The heartfelt expressions of Goda Devi about the Lord Krishna and her lifestyle were decoratively in Amuktha Malyada.

Though Amuktha Malyada was written in Telugu, it was majorly filled with usages of Sanskrit language and was not generally understandable by the common people. However, the scholars and persons with proficiency in Sanskrit applauded the book.

They appreciated the expression of feelings, narration style and presentations of grammar and usages.

A criticism was in circulation about Amuktha Malyada during those days. It was said that Allasani Peddana authored it and named to be written by Rayalu.

Critics also cited a line from sonnets written in both Amuktha Malyada and Manu Charithram starting with “Neela Meghamu Daalu Deelu Cheyu Gajalu…”.

Allasani Peddana wrote Manu Charitram, sometime later to Rayalu writing Amuktha Malyada.

There was also a discussion that Allasani Peddana with high regards to King Rayalu took the sonnet and presented it as it was written in Amuktha Malyada. Anyway, the criticism and discussion for and against Amuktha Malyada went on for quite sometime.

One day, Rayalu during the literature discussion in Bhuvana Vijayam asked the present poets and experts to comment over Amuktha Malyada.

No one knew what the King actually wished to hear from the gathering. Almost all the renowned poets and scholars did not dare comment either for or against the book of Rayalu, thinking not to lose the place and position in the Bhuvana Vijayam.

Waiting for some time, Ramalinga raised. In a single sentence he said that he carried no two feelings about the book.

He furthered, “My Lord! A right critic will never bother who the author was. The critic will always be concentrating about the subject, presentation, narration and standards of language.

Any criticism should be based on the occasion. It is also to be recalled that for any matter there definitely will be both constructive and destructive criticism in the world.”

Rayalu asked Ramalinga to first explain the lacunae in the book. Ramalinga commented there were one or two usages that were irrelevant to the context of the situation.

Rayalu was irritated on listening this. “Ramakrishna! Don’t you note the circumstances to wit on? I’m not convinced with your sarcastic comment. Refer to the text and pass the comment carefully quoting it,” roared the King.

The whole court was silent and the King’s tone echoed in. Ramalinga took out a copy of Amuktha Malyada and recited a stanza from the text,

“Aanishtha nidhi geha seema nadu reyalinchinan mroyunem,

the nagendra sayananu punya kathalum divya prabandhanu sam,

dhana dhyanamu naasthi sakaluhuthansthushna thanasthapu va,

Po nasthyo danaleshtavam chaknapaya bhokthavya mastalkulu”

“Referring to the last two lines of the above stanza I recited, I feel that it was like asking a guest to have lunch from a plate that is not served with any eatables.

The situation is different here and this explains something different, which is irrelevant” said Ramalinga.

 All the members of the Bhuvana Vijayam looked at Ramalinga appreciating. Still, they were worried what would be the reaction of King Rayalu on this straight criticism on his book.

Rayalu reacted strange to the expectations of the courtiers. With his natural affection and inclination to constructive criticism and especially scholars, “Ramalinga! That was good to note your evaluation style. You are right. There definitely will be constructive and destructive criticisms on any material.

I request all the members of the Bhuvana Vijayam to take Ramalinga as model and express their comments freely on any book or composition. There is no need to consider who the author is and what his or her status is.”

The courtiers continued to shower their appreciations long even after the court was adjourned for the day.

This was the courage, cleverness and presence of mind Ramalinga had.

Urs,

SRK

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Its U!!!


You are the Boss!!!

One day all the employees reached the office and they saw a big advice on the door on which it was written:

‘Yesterday the person who has been hindering your growth in this company passed away. We invite you to join the funeral in the room that has been prepared in the gym’.

In the beginning, they all got sad for the death of one of their colleagues, but after a while they started getting curious to know who was that man who hindered the growth of his colleagues and the company itself.

The more people reached the coffin, the more the excitement heated up. Everyone thought: ‘Who is this guy who was hindering my progress? Well, at least he died!’.

One by one the thrilled employees got closer to the coffin, and when they looked inside it they suddenly became speechless.

They stood nearby the coffin, shocked and in silence, as if someone had touched the deepest part of their soul.

There was a mirror inside the coffin: everyone who looked inside it could see himself.
There was also a sign next to the mirror that said:

‘There is only one person who is capable to set limits to your growth: it is YOU.

You are the only person who can revolutionize your life. You are the only person who can influence your happiness, your realization and your success.

You are the only person who can help yourself.

Your life does not change when your boss changes, when your friends change, when your parents change, when your partner changes, when your company changes.

Your life changes when YOU change, when you go beyond your limiting beliefs, when you realize that you are the only one responsible for your life.

‘The most important relationship you can have is the one you have with yourself’

Examine yourself, watch yourself. Don’t be afraid of difficulties, impossibilities and losses: Be a winner, build yourself and your reality.

It’s the way you face Life that makes the difference.

Urs,

SRK

 

Don’t be Selfish!!!


Don’t Burn Yourself in the Flames of Selfishness!!!

A couple, whom we shall call John and Mary, had a nice home and two lovely children, a boy and a girl. John had a good job and had just been asked to go on a business trip to another city and would be gone for several days.

It was decided that Mary needed an outing and would go along too. They hired a reliable woman to care for the children and made the trip, returning home a little earlier than they had planned. As they drove into their home town feeling glad to be back, they noticed smoke, and they went off their usual route to see what it was.

They found a home in flames. Mary said, “Oh well it isn’t our fire, let’s go home.” But John drove closer and exclaimed, “That home belongs to Fred Jones who works at the plant. He wouldn’t be off work yet, maybe there is something we could do.”

 ”It has nothing to do with us.” Said protested Mary. “You have your good clothes on lets not get any closer.” But John drove up and stopped and they were both horror stricken to see the whole house in flames. A woman on the lawn was in hysterics screaming, “

The children! Get the children!” John grabbed her by the shoulder saying, “Get a hold of yourself and tell us where the children are!”

“In the basement,” sobbed the woman, “down the hall and to the left.”

In spite of Mary’s protests John grabbed the water hose and soaked his clothes, put his wet handkerchief on his head and bolted for the basement which was full of smoke and scorching hot. He found the door and grabbed two children, holding one under each arm like the football player he was.

As he left he could hear some more whimpering. He delivered the two badly frightened and nearly suffocated children into waiting arms and filled his lungs with fresh air and started back asking how many more children were down there.

They told him two more and Mary grabbed his arm and screamed,

“John! Don’t go back! It’s suicide! That house will cave in any second!”

But he shook her off and went back by feeling his way down the smoke filled hallway and into the room.

It seemed an eternity before he found both children and started back. They were all three coughing and he stooped low to get what available air he could.

As he stumbled up the endless steps the thought went through his mind that there was something strangely familiar about the little bodies clinging to him, and at last when they came out into the sunlight and fresh air, he found that he had just rescued his own children.

The baby-sitter had left them at this home while she did some shopping.

Urs,

SRK

Four Wives!!!


FOUR WIVES

 

Once upon a time, there was a rich merchant who had 4 wives.

 

He loved the 4th wife the most and adorned her with rich robes and treated her to delicacies.

 

He took great care of her & gave her nothing but the best.

 

He also loved the 3rd wife very much.

 

He’s very proud of her and always wanted to show off her to his friends.

 

However, the merchant is always in fear that she might run away with some other men.

 

He too, loved his 2nd wife.

 

She is a very considerate person, always patient & in fact is the merchant’s confidante.

 

Whenever the merchant faced some problems, he always turned to his 2nd wife and she would always help him out and tide him through difficult times.

 

Now, the merchant’s 1st wife is a very loyal partner and has made great contributions in maintaining his wealth and business as well as taking care of the household.

 

However, the merchant did not love the 1st wife and although she loved him deeply, he hardly took notice of her.

 

One day, the merchant fell ill.

 

Before long, he knew that he was going to die soon.

 

He thought of his luxurious life and told himself, “Now I have 4 wives with me. But when I die, I’ll be alone. How lonely I’ll be!”

 

Thus, he asked the 4th wife, “I loved you most, endowed you with the finest clothing and showered great care over you. Now that I’m dying, will you follow me and keep me company?”

 

“No way!” replied the 4th wife and she walked away without another word.

 

Answer cut like a sharp knife right into the merchant’s heart.

 

The sad merchant then asked the 3rd wife, “I have loved you so much for all my life. Now that I’m dying, will you follow me and keep me company?”

 

“No!” replied the 3rd wife. “Life is so good over here! I’m going to remarry when you die!”

 

The merchant’s heart sank and turned cold.

 

He then asked the 2nd wife, “I always turned to you for help and you’ve always helped me out. Now I need your help again. When I die, will you follow me and keep me company?”

 

“I’m sorry, I can’t help you out this time!” replied the 2nd wife.”

 

“At the very most, I can only send you to your grave.”

 

Answer came like a bolt of thunder & merchant was devastated.

 

Then a voice called out: “I’ll leave with you. I’ll follow you no matter where you go.”

 

The merchant looked up and there was his 1st wife.

 

She was so skinny, almost like she suffered from malnutrition.

 

Greatly grieved, the merchant said, “I should have taken much better care of you while I could have!”

 

Actually, we all have 4 wives in our lives.

 

The 4th wife is our body.

 

No matter how much time and effort we lavish in making it look good, it’ll leave us when we die.

 

Our 3rd wife is our possessions, status and wealth. When we die, they all go to others.

 

The 2nd wife is our family and friends. No matter how close they had been there for us when we’re alive, the furthest they can stay by us is up to the grave.

 

The 1st wife is in fact our soul, often neglected in our pursuit of material wealth & sensual pleasure.

 

Guess what? It is actually the only thing that follows us wherever we go. Perhaps it’s a good idea to cultivate and strengthen it now rather than to wait until we’re on our deathbed to lament.

 

Happiest Couple In The World!!!


THE SIGNS OF HAPPINESS

 

There was a young couple who led a very happy life together.

 

The only thing that they worried about was, whether their happiness would last forever or would they too would have to face problems.

 

One day, they heard that a wise old man had come to town; he could solve all kinds of problems and guide people.

 

So the couple decided to visit the wise old man and tell him their source of worry.

 

The wise old man told them; “Travel around the world and seek a man and a woman who are perfectly happy as a couple. When you find such a couple, ask them for a piece of cloth from the man’s shirt, then keep that piece of cloth with you, and you always remain happy.”

 

The young couple began their journey, to find the happiest couple in their world.

 

In one place they heard that the governor and his wife were the happiest people, so they went to their palace and asked them, “Are you the happiest couple?”

 

The governor and his wife replied, “Yes, we are happy in every way except for one thing; we do not have any children.”

 

Well that didn’t make the governor and his wife the happiest couple.

 

So they continued their journey.

 

They arrived in one city where they had heard that the happiest couple lived.

 

They went to their house and asked them, “Are you the happiest couple?”

 

The couple replied, “Yes, we are really happy in every way except that we have too many children which make our life a bit uncomfortable.”

 

No, this couple did not sound to be the happiest. And, so they continued their journey.

 

They visited many countries, cities, towns and villages asking the same question but they did not find what they were looking for.

 

One Day the young couple came across a shepherd in the desert.

 

The shepherd was grazing his sheep when his wife and child came along.

 

The shepherd greeted his wife and gently patted the child she was carrying.

 

She laid the mat and started to eat contentedly.

 

The young couple came to them and asked them, “Are you the happiest couple?”

 

The shepherd and his wife replied, “Nobody is unhappier than the king.”

 

The young couple immediately realized that they were the happiest couple and asked them for a piece of the shepherd’s shirt, so that their happiness too would last throughout.

 

The shepherd said, “If I give you a piece of cloth from my shirt then I will be left without any clothes since I own just one shirt.”

 

The young couple at once understood that it is very difficult to find perfect happiness anywhere in the world.

 

The couple decided to return to their own country.

 

They went to the wise old man and related all that had taken place.

 

They also complained that his guidance was difficult to abide by.

 

The wise old man laughed and said, “Was your journey useless or did you learn something from it?”

 

The young man replied, “Yes, after this trip I have learnt that in this world, nobody is perfectly happy, only that person is happy who does everything to please God.”

 

The wife said, “I have learnt that in order to be happy it is important to remember two things; first, all human beings should be thankful and contented with whatever they have.”

 

And secondly, for ultimate happiness one must always practice patience.

 

After that, young couple thanked the wise old man for his guidance and returned home.

 

The wise man prayed for them and said, “Indeed the sign of happiness is in their heart and they have good manners and if the lifetime is spent in pleasure of God there would be no differences in the existence of mankind.”

 

Urs,

 

SRK

Be Careful What You Plant!!!


BE CAREFUL WHAT YOU PLANT!!!

 

An emperor in the Far East was growing old and knew it was time to choose his successor.

 

Instead of choosing one of his assistants or his children, he decided something different.

 

He called young people in the kingdom together one day.

 

He said, “It is time for me to step down and choose the next emperor. I have decided to choose one of you.”

 

The kids were shocked! But the emperor continued.

 

“I am going to give each one of you a seed today. One very special seed. I want you to plant the seed, water it and come back here after one year from today with what you have grown from this one seed. I will then judge the plants that you bring, and the one I choose will be the next emperor!”

 

One boy named Ling was there that day and he, like the others, received a seed.

 

He went home and excitedly told his mother the story.

 

She helped him get a pot and planting soil, and he planted the seed and watered it carefully.

 

Every day he would water it and watch to see if it had grown.

 

After about three weeks, some of the other youths began to talk about their seeds and the plants that were beginning to grow.

 

Ling kept checking his seed, but nothing ever grew. 3 weeks, 4 weeks, 5 weeks went by. Still nothing.

 

By now, others were talking about their plants but Ling didn’t have a plant, and he felt like a failure.

 

Six months went by, still nothing in Ling’s pot.

 

He just knew he had killed his seed.

 

Everyone else had trees and tall plants, but he had nothing.

 

Ling didn’t say anything to his friends, however. He just kept waiting for his seed to grow.

 

A year finally went by and all the youths of the kingdom brought their plants to the emperor for inspection.

 

Ling told his mother that he wasn’t going to take an empty pot.

 

But honest about what happened, Ling felt sick to his stomach, but he knew his mother was right. He took his empty pot to the palace.

 

When Ling arrived, he was amazed at the variety of plants grown by the other youths.

 

They were beautiful in all shapes and sizes.

 

Ling put his empty pot on the floor and many of the other kinds laughed at him.

 

A few felt sorry for him and just said, “Hey nice try.”

 

When the emperor arrived, he surveyed the room and greeted the young people.

 

Ling just tried to hide in the back. “What great plants, trees and flowers you have grown,” said the emperor.

 

“Today, one of you will be appointed the next emperor!”

 

All of a sudden, the emperor spotted Ling at the back of the room with his empty pot.

 

He ordered his guards to bring him to the front. Ling was terrified. “The emperor knows I’m a failure! Maybe he will have me killed!”

 

When Ling got to the front, the Emperor asked his name.

 

“My name is Ling,” he replied.

 

All the kids were laughing and making fun of him.

 

The emperor asked everyone to quiet down. He looked at Ling, and then announced to the crowd,

 

“Behold your new emperor! His name is Ling!” Ling couldn’t believe it.

 

Ling couldn’t even grow his seed. How could he be the new emperor?

 

Then the emperor said,

 

“One year ago today, I gave everyone here a seed. I told you to take the seed, plant it, water it, and bring it back to me today. But I gave you all boiled seeds, which would not grow. All of you, except Ling, have brought me trees and plants and flowers.

 

When you found that the seed would not grow, you substituted another seed for the one I gave you. Ling was the only one with the courage and honesty to bring me a pot with my seed in it. Therefore, he is the one who will be the new emperor!”

 

If you plant honesty, you will reap trust.

 

If you plant goodness, you will reap friends.

 

If you plant humility, you will reap greatness.

 

If you plant perseverance, you will reap victory.

 

If you plant hard work, you will reap success.

 

If you plant patience, you will reap improvements.

 

If you plant faith, you will reap miracles.

 

So be careful what you plant now, It will determine what you will reap tomorrow,

 

The seeds you now scatter will make life worse or better, your life or the ones who will come after.

 

Yes, someday, you will enjoy the fruits, or you will pay for the choices you plant today.

 

Urs,

 

SRK

CATS Vs ROOSTERS


KING OF ROOSTERS!!!

  

Once upon a time in Africa, roosters ruled cats. The cats worked hard all day and at night they had to bring all they had gathered for the roosters.

 

The king of the roosters would take all the food for himself and for the other roosters.

 

The roosters loved to eat ants. Thus, every cat had a purse hung round its neck, which it filled with ants for the king of the roosters.

 

The cats did not like the situation. They wanted to rid themselves of the king so that the food they gathered through hard work and great difficulty would be their own. But they were afraid of the roosters.

 

The roosters had told the cats that rooster’s combs were made out of fire and that the fire of their combs would burn anyone who disobeyed them!

 

The cats believed them and therefore worked from early morning until night for the roosters.

 

One night, the fire on the house of Mrs. Cat went out. She told her kitten, Fluffy, to bring some fire from Mr. Rooster’s house.

 

When Fluffy went into the house of the rooster, she saw that Mr. Rooster was fast asleep, his stomach swollen with the ants he had eaten.

 

The kitten was afraid to wake the rooster, so she returned home empty handed and told her mother what had happened.

 

Mrs. Cat said, “Now that the rooster is asleep, gather some dry twigs and place them near his comb. As soon as the twigs catch fire, bring them home.”

 

Fluffy gathered some dry twigs and took them to the rooster’s house. He was still asleep.

 

Fluffy fearfully put the dry twigs near the rooster’s comb but it was no use, the twigs did not catch fire.

 

Fluffy rubbed the twigs against the rooster’s comb again but it was no use they would not catch fire.

 

Fluffy returned home without any fire and told her mother, “The roost’s comb does not set twigs on fire.”

 

Mrs. Cat answered “Why can’t you do anything right! Come with me I’ll show you how to make fire with the rooster’s comb.”

 

So together they went to the house of Mr. Rooster.

 

He was still asleep.

 

Mrs. Cat put the twigs as near to the rooster’s comb as she could. But the twigs did not catch fire. Then, shaking with fear, she put her paw near the rooster’s comb and gently touched it.

 

To her surprise, the comb was not hot, it was very cold, and it was just red colored.

 

As soon as Mrs. Cat realized that the roosters had lied to the cats about their combs, she joyfully went out and told the other cats about the rooster’s tricks.

 

From that day on, the cats no longer worked for the roosters.

 

At first, the king of the roosters became very angry and said to the cats; “I will burn all of your houses if you do not work for me!”

 

But the cats said, “Your comb is not made of fire. It is just the color of fire. We touched it when you were sleep. You lied to us.”

 

When the king of the roosters found out that the cats knew that he had lied to them, he ran away. Now, whenever roosters see a cat, they scurry away, because to this very day they are afraid of cats.

 

Cheers,

 

SRK